Elimination of Child Labor in Jharkhand Mica Mines

Elimination of Child Labor: The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) recently stated that there is no child labor in Jharkhand’s mica mines. This news came to light during a big party in Koderma. This was a big step forward in the long fight against child labor in the region.

Background and challenges

About twenty years ago, disturbing facts about child labor in the mica mining business in Jharkhand came to light. This was the beginning of the journey. In 2004, Bachpan Bachao Andolan carried out a study which revealed that more than 5,000 children were dangerously digging and collecting asbestos. It was terrifying to see that in 2019 this number had increased to over 20,000. This showed how important it is to have a focused and successful plan to immediately stop child labor.

‘Asbestos-free child labor’ initiative

A group of people from different groups such as the community, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and state and local governments created and implemented a strategic plan called “Asbestos without Child Labor.” A big part of this project was to directly inspire children and people in the neighborhood to fight for their rights and find solutions. The main goal of the program was to find children digging for mica, rescue them, and enroll them in school. The program also attempted to keep these children in school so they would not have to return to dangerous work.

Achievements and influence

NCPCR chief Priyank Kanungo says all children involved in mica mining have been removed from work and sent to school. This is not only a major victory for the affected sectors, but also sets an example for similar measures to be taken around the world to prevent child labor in unorganized sectors.


Establishment and objectives: The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) was established in India in 2007 under the CPCR Act, 2005 to protect the rights of the child. It functions under the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

Key Responsibilities: NCPCR addresses complaints relating to children, including complaints against education, care and illegal acts. It ensures compliance with laws such as the Right to Education Act (2009) and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses (POCSO) Act, 2012.

Monitoring and Inspection: NCPCR verifies child care centers and juvenile justice systems to ensure they meet child welfare standards. This improves the safety and well-being of all children.


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