India to create 46.7 million jobs in Fiscal Year 2023-24

India’s employment rate increased sharply in fiscal year 2023-24, adding 46.7 million new jobs for a total of 643.3 million jobs nationwide. The number of jobs grew by 6%, a huge jump from the previous fiscal year’s 3.2% growth rate. These figures are shown in the interim production report recently released by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

Importance of RBI’s interim productivity report

The RBI has now released a provisional estimate of economic productivity for FY24. This has been done for the first time. Unlike its previous reports, which only analyzed past data, this new report measures results using currently available data. This significant change makes it easy to see how India’s economy is changing right now, especially the job market.

Conflicting opinions on unemployment

Although there are signs that more jobs are being created, the rising unemployment rate remains a cause for concern. The Center for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) reported that the unemployment rate rose to 9.2% in June 2024 from 7% last month. This was the highest rate in eight months. These figures contrast with the positive news on job creation, which led to the debate on “unemployment growth” during the last parliamentary elections.

GDP growth and future employment prospects

India’s GDP grew by a surprising 8.2% in FY24, much more than expected. The RBI has forecast that GDP will continue to grow at 7.2% in FY25, which is in line with this strong growth. On the other hand, Citibank research shows that even 7% GDP growth would create only 8 to 9 million jobs, which may not be enough to meet labor needs over the next ten years. This study shows that the relationship between GDP growth and real job creation is not as simple as it seems.

The mechanics behind the data

The RBI estimates use data from the Ministry of Labor and the government’s national accounts to estimate the level of production and employment in 27 industries representing the entire Indian economy. These estimates are given at broad sector levels, such as agriculture, manufacturing, and services. It provides a complete picture of the employment situation in many economic sectors.


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